Research in Learning Technology https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt en-US Authors contributing to Research in Learning Technology retain the copyright of their article and at the same time agree to publish their articles under the terms of the Creative Commons CC-BY 4.0 License (<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" target="_blank">http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/</a>) allowing third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, and to remix, transform, and build upon the material, for any purpose, even commercially, under the condition that <span style="text-decoration: underline;">appropriate credit</span> is given, that a link to the license is provided, and that you <span style="text-decoration: underline;">indicate if changes were made</span>. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.<br /><br /><br /> enquiries@alt.ac.uk (ALT journal team) emma.csemiczky@openacademia.net (Open Academia) Thu, 09 Jan 2020 16:20:23 +0000 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Learner skills in open virtual mobility https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2254 <p>Internationalisation has been a key theme in higher education (HE) for decades. Multiple initiatives across the world have contributed to creating offerings of high-quality online education, with collaborations across national borders. Two of the concepts that have proved to be influential are Virtual Mobility (VM) and Open Education (OE). Virtual mobility refers to study activities that students enrolled in HE in one country undertake online in other countries without physically moving. Such activities are certified and mutually acknowledged by participating institutions. Open education covers global initiatives increasing access to free online quality education, without or with alternative forms of certification.</p> <p>The research presented in this article identifies the learner skills and competences that are supported by Open Virtual Mobility (OpenVM), a new trend in online education that builds upon these two concepts. A group concept mapping study based on the contributions of experts in both VM and OE resulted in defining seven learner skills and competence areas including: intercultural skills and attitudes; networked learning; active self-regulated learner skills; media and digital literacy; autonomy-driven learning, interactive and collaborative learning in an authentic international environment and open-mindedness. The study provided input for further conceptualising of OpenVM as a bridge between VM and OE.</p> Kamakshi Rajagopal, Olga Firssova, Ilse Op de Beeck, Elke Van der Stappen, Slavi Stoyanov, Piet Henderikx, Ilona Buchem Copyright (c) 2020 Kamakshi Rajagopal, Olga Firssova, Ilse Op de Beeck, Elke Van der Stappen, Slavi Stoyanov, Piet Henderikx, Ilona Buchem http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2254 Thu, 19 Mar 2020 12:14:03 +0000 The seven principles of online learning: Feedback from faculty and alumni on its importance for teaching and learning https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2319 <p>Effective online teaching and learning requires a carefully designed classroom that promotes student engagement with faculty, peers and course content. This research included an investigation of the importance of&nbsp;<em>faculty–student communication and collaboration</em>;&nbsp;<em>student–student communication and collaboration</em>;&nbsp;<em>active learning techniques</em>;&nbsp;<em>prompt feedback</em>;&nbsp;<em>appropriate time for tasks</em>;&nbsp;<em>high performance expectations</em>; and&nbsp;<em>respect for diverse learning styles (preferences)</em>&nbsp;(Chickering and Ehrmann&nbsp;<a href="#CIT0010_2319">1996</a>) to faculty in their online teaching and to alumni in their online learning. The participants were 14 college faculty and 111 alumni, from the same graduate program. A 45-item Likert survey and two open-ended questions were presented to the participants to explore the important factors contributing to their online teaching and learning. The results demonstrated that holding students to high standards of performance, academic honesty and professional conduct was the most important factor to both faculty in their online teaching and alumni in their online learning. Additionally, alumni valued engagement with their faculty more than engagement with other students or course content. Students need an online instructor who is organised and communicative in the online classroom, and faculty need a solidly designed online classroom, with engaged students who are timely in their work. An analysis of the findings with specific application to online teaching and learning is presented in this article.</p> Cynthia Janet Tanis Copyright (c) 2020 Cynthia Janet Tanis http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2319 Tue, 17 Mar 2020 10:24:16 +0000 Examining educational technology and research impact: the two roles of e-learning and related terms in the 2014 REF impact case studies https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2306 <p>The need to demonstrate the impact of research has become an important issue in the Higher Education sector in the UK. This has been taken care of through the introduction of ‘impact case studies’ as part of the research excellence framework (REF). The aim of the study presented in this paper was to understand the role that educational technology (and related terms) played in the 2014 REF impact case studies, using the public online database of case studies as a data source. Searches for 11 educational technology-related terms yielded a sample of 125 unique case studies. Although this represents only 1.9% of the total case studies, educational technology is clearly playing a role. The cases comprised two major subgroups: those where educational technology was the focus of the research (mainly associated with cases in education and computer science), and those where educational technology was used as a route to achieving impact (mainly in health-related subjects). The findings have implications for the contributions that educational technology and educational technologists can make in enhancing and supporting this important issue within their institutions.</p> Katy Jordan Copyright (c) 2020 Katy Jordan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2306 Tue, 10 Mar 2020 20:36:08 +0000 Becoming an open educator: towards an open threshold framework https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2338 <p>In this article, we propose a cross-pollination of two prominent lines of educational thought: open education (OE) and threshold concepts (TCs). Open education has gained an increased profile through the growing popularity of open educational resources (OER) and massive online open courses (MOOCs). Educators who create or make use of such resources, or employ related open educational practices (OEP), are often suggested to have a transformative impact in educational settings. In recent years, educational research has increasingly discussed learning as a process of attaining or crossing certain conceptual thresholds, which involve such a significant shift that the learner eventually achieves a different and deeper understanding of core disciplinary knowledge, even a new identity. Of the eight characteristics of TCs identified in the core literature of this theory, we consider that three in particular offer the maximum potential for understanding the evolution of teachers towards the open educator identity: transformative, troublesome and liminal. This work presents a theoretical framework that includes the transformative impact on identity in the process of becoming an open educator, the troublesomeness inherent in this evolution and the liminal space through which the evolving teachers progress. It is argued that a focus on the development of open educator identity aligns with current reflective approaches to working on teachers’ professional identity, and at the same time supports a focus on teachers’ commitment to a democratic approach to education, which is necessary in neoliberal times.</p> Gemma Tur, Leo Havemann, Dawn Marsh, Jeffrey M. Keefer, Fabio Nascimbeni Copyright (c) 2020 Gemma Tur, Leo Havemann, Dawn Marsh, Jeffrey M. Keefer, Fabio Nascimbeni http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2338 Mon, 09 Mar 2020 18:47:51 +0000 A cross-sectional study of video game play habits and graduate skills attainment https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2326 <p>Using a survey of higher education students (<em>N</em>&nbsp;= 2145), correlations between game play habits and the attainment of certain graduate skills or attributes (communication skill, adaptability and resourcefulness) are presented. Correlations between graduate attribute attainment and a range of demographic and educational factors, including age, gender, level of study and year of study, are also calculated. While it is shown that there is no significant relationship between existing game play habits and graduate attribute attainment, several broad observations are made. Students who do not play video games tended to score best, while those students who play games in a variety of modes (online and local cooperative play, team-based and other cooperative play) also scored better on measures of graduate attribute attainment. Assumptions about the development of graduate attributes over time are also challenged by the data presented here, which suggest there is little correlation between attribute attainment and years spent at university. The work suggests that, while video games may be used to develop graduate skills on campus, there is no strong correlation between existing game play habits and the attainment of certain transferable skills.</p> Matthew Barr Copyright (c) 2020 Matthew Barr http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2326 Fri, 28 Feb 2020 13:48:55 +0000 Lecture capture and peer working: exploring study practices through staff–student partnerships https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2314 <p>As lecture capture technology and practice become ever more widespread in UK universities there is a growing body of literature that assesses the impact of these changes. However, there is still much to be understood about lecture capture and the full impact on student learning, especially in different institutional and subject contexts. This article describes two projects from a UK Russell Group University that worked in partnership with students to gain insights into the student experience regarding lecture capture. The article highlights insights gained in terms of&nbsp;<em>how</em>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<em>why</em>&nbsp;students use lecture recordings. This article focuses on one area in particular which has been less reported and warrants further investigation – students’ use of lecture recordings in collaborative settings. The article considers some practical implications of such insights and argues that a nuanced understanding regarding the way students use lecture recordings for learning is required. The article also highlights how educationists can harness student partnerships to further our understanding of the complex interplays between technology and student learning.</p> Geraint Evans, Karl Luke Copyright (c) 2020 Geraint Evans, Karl Luke http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2314 Wed, 19 Feb 2020 10:13:39 +0000 Integration of mobile augmented reality (MAR) applications into biology laboratory: Anatomic structure of the heart https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2355 <p>The purpose of the current study is to design and develop a sample Mobile Augmented Reality (MAR) application addressing the anatomic structure of the heart in a way suitable for laboratory learning for pre-service science teachers to achieve learning by constructing information in biology instruction. The implementation of the MAR design activity was conducted with the participation of 30 pre-service teachers taking the biology laboratory course. The implementation process of the activity consists of four stages. The first stage includes the introduction of the MAR application program and marker; the second stage includes the use of the MAR application in a laboratory environment; the third stage includes the operation of dissection and the last stage includes the association of the MAR application with the operation of dissection and general evaluation. Then, semi-structured interviews were conducted by involving pre-service teachers and the data obtained from these interviews revealed that integration of heart dissection with MAR application helped the pre-service teachers to better understand the anatomic structure of the heart and the related concepts. Thus, a sample activity demonstrating how MAR, which is an instructional method with strong potential for reification and visualisation, can be integrated into the teaching of concepts in laboratory settings was developed.</p> Cuneyd Celik, Gokhan Guven, Nevin Kozcu Cakir Copyright (c) 2020 Cuneyd Celik, Gokhan Guven, Nevin Kozcu Cakir http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2355 Fri, 14 Feb 2020 10:03:12 +0000 The effect of adding same-language subtitles to recorded lectures for non-native, English speakers in e-learning environments https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2340 <p>Globally, online (or e-learning) environments are growing in popularity in schools and universities. However, the language of instruction in these environments is mostly English. This is a problem as most of the students enrolling into online learning environments in South Africa are non-native English speakers. For these students, English is their second or sometimes third proficient language, which puts them at a disadvantage while accessing information for certain modules. A possible solution is to add same-language subtitles (SLS) to recorded lectures in these online environments to facilitate student learning. Unfortunately, previous studies provided no conclusive evidence of the advantages or disadvantages of adding SLS to a recorded lecture with regard to performance.</p> <p>The participants in this study<a id="Rfn0001_2340"></a><a href="#fn0001_2340"><sup>1</sup></a>&nbsp;were first-year students (<em>n</em>&nbsp;= 64) in Academic Literacy, majoring in Economics. They were non-native speakers of English with an average English proficiency and were divided into four groups. Each group watched the same recorded lecture in one of the four presentation modes (PMs) (audio, video and video with two types of subtitles). The findings of the study showed no significant effect either on performance or on perceived cognitive load for the students watching a recorded lecture with added subtitles compared to watching without subtitles.</p> Gordon Matthew Copyright (c) 2020 Gordon Matthew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2340 Tue, 11 Feb 2020 15:21:58 +0000 Choice of device to view video lectures: an analysis of two independent cohorts of first-year university students https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2324 <p>Video lectures and mobile learning devices have become prominent, but little is known about device choices for watching video lectures. The setting for this study, a university that provided perpetual access to personal computers and free tablet devices to all first-year students, provided a unique opportunity to study device choice in a setting where both tablets and personal computers were perpetually available. Weekly video lectures on a first-year module were made from October to April in two independent cohorts of students. YouTube analytics were used to record data on device usage for video lecture views. Tablets were initially used for almost 70% of views. However, tablet usage declined throughout the academic year, and tablets were overtaken by personal computers as the preferred device in the second half of the academic year. Findings suggest that an initial preference for using tablets to view video lectures lasts only a few months.</p> Jesca Namuddu, Paul N. Watts Copyright (c) 2020 Jesca Namuddu, Paul N. Watts http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2324 Wed, 05 Feb 2020 10:00:26 +0000 Development of the learning to learn competence in the university context: flipped classroom or traditional method? https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2251 <p>This study analyses the use of a flipped classroom to develop the ‘learning to learn’ competence in the university context. This research was conducted on a subject about Applied Teaching Methodology included in the Physical Activity and Sports Science degree at the Polytechnic University of Madrid (Spain). A total of 110 university students (mean age 21.6 ± 3.0 years) participated in the research and were divided into two groups: one group (44 students) received an intervention based on the traditional method (with theoretical classes and resolved questions) and the other group (66 students) received an intervention using the flipped classroom method; self-perception of the level of development of the ‘learning to learn’ competence was analysed before and after the intervention. The design involved two groups that followed different types of teaching (traditional vs. flipped classroom) × two moments in time (before and after).</p> <p>This study did not find any significant differences between the traditional and flipped classroom method, in the perception of the development of the ‘learning to learn’ competence.</p> María Espada, José Antonio Navia, Patricia Rocu, Maite Gómez-López Copyright (c) 2020 María Espada, José Antonio Navia, Patricia Rocu, Maite Gómez-López http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2251 Fri, 31 Jan 2020 10:30:38 +0000 Migration and transformation: a sociomaterial analysis of practitioners’ experiences with online exams https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2279 <p>Many institutions are making the move from pen and paper to online examinations, but the literature offers relatively few critical reflections on the ramifications of such a shift. This research presents evidence of the ways in which the social and human practices of online exams are deeply entangled with the material and technological, and cautions against the reinscribing of essentialist or instrumentalist assumptions about technology in assessment practices. Through semi-structured interviews with eight practitioners in Norway, the Netherlands, the UK and Ireland, it analyses the impact, dimensions and limitations of two main discourses:&nbsp;<em>migration</em>, whereby exam technologies are assumed to be neutral instruments used independently by humans to realise their preordained intentions; and&nbsp;<em>transformation</em>, whereby the essential and inalienable qualities of technologies can be released to ‘transform’ or ‘enhance’ assessment. Its findings indicate that: (1) exam technologies are neither inherently neutral nor essentially transformational; (2) implementation projects underpinned by the migration discourse can be much more complex and resource-intensive than anticipated; and (3) ‘transformative’ change may be value-laden and driven by assumptions. Given the complex and entangled nature of online exams, practitioners are encouraged to think creatively about how assessment strategies align with educational goals, to consider the limitations of current discourses and to analyse critically the relational and performative roles of digital technologies.</p> Stuart Allan Copyright (c) 2020 Stuart Allan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2279 Mon, 27 Jan 2020 16:14:49 +0000 Have a question? Just ask it: using an anonymous mobile discussion platform for student engagement and peer interaction to support large group teaching https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2323 <p>This article analyses the pilot of an anonymous question and answer mobile application with a large cohort of undergraduate students (460) enrolled on an Operations Strategy Management module. The mobile application allowed students to pose anonymous questions to both peers and staff, create replies and vote on questions posted by other users. The aim of the pilot was to evaluate how this application could be used to enhance communication, engagement and student learning both inside and outside of class time to overcome some of the challenges presented by large cohort teaching. An initial evaluation was undertaken exploring both the analytics attached to the platform and a thematic analysis of the posts. The initial findings of the pilot were positive, with the majority of students installing and regularly accessing the application with use increasing over time. The questions posed demonstrated engagement beyond surface-level memorisation of module content, and there were indications that the application could be beneficial in supporting student community awareness and interaction within large cohorts.</p> Elaine Tan, Adrian Small, Paul Lewis Copyright (c) 2020 Elaine Tan, Adrian Small, Paul Lewis http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2323 Wed, 22 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0000 E-learning educational atmosphere measure (EEAM): a new instrument for assessing e-students’ perception of educational environment https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2308 <p>Universities assess their academic learning environment to improve students’ learning. Students’ experience in e-learning environment is different from face-to-face educational environment. So, in this study a specific valid and reliable instrument was devised for assessing perception of e-students from educational environment, that is, educational atmosphere. Firstly, we devised the primary instrument based on factors constituting educational atmosphere. Then Instrument’s content and construct validity were assessed. Also, Cronbach’s alpha and test–retest were used for studying the internal consistency and reliability of the instrument respectively. The final instrument named ‘e-learning educational atmosphere measure’ (EEAM) consisted of 40 items covering six factors, including programme effectiveness, teaching quality, ethics and professionalism, learner support, safety and convenience, and awareness of the rules, which accounted for 68.53% of variances. Content validity ratio was more than 0.51 and content validity index score of all questions was above 0.81. Test–retest reliability was 0.85 (<em>p</em>&nbsp;= 0.001) and Cronbach’s alpha was 0.943. Assessing educational atmosphere in e-learning settings by EEAM could provide managers and investors with useful information to settle an effective education system by prioritising the necessary changes.</p> Atekeh Mousavi, Aeen Mohammadi, Rita Mojtahedzadeh, Mandana Shirazi, Hamed Rashidi Copyright (c) 2020 Atekeh Mousavi, Aeen Mohammadi, Rita Mojtahedzadeh, Mandana Shirazi, Hamed Rashidi http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2308 Tue, 21 Jan 2020 12:56:05 +0000 Patterns in students’ usage of lecture recordings: a cluster analysis of self-report data https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2258 <p>Students’ usage of lecture recordings can be characterised by usage frequency, repetitiveness and selectivity in watching, lecture attendance, and social context and location in which students watch the lecture recordings. At the University of Münster (Germany), the lecture recording service was evaluated over three semesters. The data were combined and used for a cluster analysis with the aim of being able to describe the students’ distinct usage patterns. The cluster analysis was performed using partitioning around medoids with Gower distance. Five clusters of students were identified, which differed mainly on the amount of lecture recordings watched, whether the lecture recordings were watched completely or partially, whether the recordings were watched once or multiple times, and the number of lectures the students missed. The five clusters are interpreted as representing different ways of utilising lecture recordings. The clustering provides a basis for investigating the usage of lecture recordings in the context of different approaches to learning and learning strategies.</p> Daniel Ebbert, Stephan Dutke Copyright (c) 2020 Daniel Ebbert, Stephan Dutke https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2258 Thu, 09 Jan 2020 16:07:24 +0000 A Framework for Mixed Reality Free-Choice, Self-Determined Learning https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2347 <p>In this article, we present a theoretical framework for mixed reality (MR/XR) self-determined learning to enhance ecological literacy in free-choice educational settings. The framework emerged from a research study in New Zealand which aimed to explore how learning experiences which incorporate mobile technologies within free-choice learning settings can be designed to enhance learner development of marine ecological literacy. An understanding of how mobile technology can be integrated into the teaching and learning of sustainability education that incorporates free-choice learning contexts, such as visitor centres, is of strategic importance to both education outside the classroom and adult learning. Following a design-based research methodology, the framework is presented in the form of a set of design principles and guidelines, informed by key theories in ecological literacy and free-choice learning, heutagogy, bring your own device and self-determined learning. We briefly describe how the framework provided the foundation for an educational intervention. This paper aims to assist researchers and developers of MR/XR immersive learning environments to consider design principles and processes that can enhance learning outcomes within free-choice settings, such as museums and visitor centres.</p> <p><em>This article is part of the special collection Mobile Mixed Reality Enhanced Learning edited by Thom Cochrane, James Birt, Helen Farley, Vickel Narayan and Fiona Smart. More articles from this collection can be found <a href="https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/mmr">here</a>.</em></p> Claudio Aguayo, Chris Eames, Thomas Cochrane Copyright (c) 2020 Claudio Aguayo, Chris Eames, Thomas Cochrane http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2347 Mon, 09 Mar 2020 19:02:37 +0000 Exploring mixed reality based on self-efficacy and motivation of users https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2331 <p>This study addresses the question of how to facilitate instruction and practice with virtual reality to mitigate the detrimental impact of cognitive load associated with use in simple procedural tasks. The study collected data from 63 college students aged 18 years and above from a university in the southern part of the USA. Each study participant completed a questionnaire that consisted of 22 questions using a seven-point Likert scale. The results show that there are no significant differences between motivation and self-efficacy as it relates to three selected activities: Roboraid, Tutorial and Freeplay. The opportunity for meaningful learning through the use of the mixed reality is enticing; there is value in exploring facilitation of these learning opportunities through redistribution of cognitive load.</p> <p><em>This article is part of the special collection Mobile Mixed Reality Enhanced Learning edited by Thom Cochrane, James Birt, Helen Farley, Vickel Narayan and Fiona Smart. More articles from this collection can be found <a href="https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/mmr">here</a>.</em></p> Kathy Essmiller, Tutaleni I. Asino, Ayodeji Ibukun, Frances Alvarado-Albertorio, Sarinporn Chaivisit, Thanh Do, Younglong Kim Copyright (c) 2020 Kathy Essmiller, Tutaleni I. Asino, Ayodeji Ibukun, Frances Alvarado-Albertorio, Sarinporn Chaivisit, Thanh Do, Younglong Kim http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2331 Fri, 21 Feb 2020 16:05:44 +0000 MESH360: a framework for designing MMR-enhanced clinical simulations https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2357 <p>This article evaluates the results of two prototype iterations of a design-based research project that explores the application of mobile mixed reality (MMR) to enhance critical care clinical health education simulation in Paramedicine. The project utilises MMR to introduce critical elements of patient and practitioner risk and stress into clinical simulation learning scenarios to create more authentic learning environments. Subjective participant feedback is triangulated against participant biometric data to validate the level of participant stress introduced to clinical simulation through the addition of MMR. Results show a positive impact on the learning experience for both novice and professional paramedic practitioners. The article highlights the development of implementation and data triangulation methodologies that can be utilised to enhance wider clinical simulation contexts than the original context of Paramedicine education. We argue that our collaborative transdisciplinary design team model provides a transferable framework for designing MMR-enhanced clinical simulation environments.</p> <p><em>This article is part of the special collection Mobile Mixed Reality Enhanced Learning edited by Thom Cochrane, James Birt, Helen Farley, Vickel Narayan and Fiona Smart. More papers from this collection can be found&nbsp;<strong><a href="https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/mmr" target="_base">here.</a></strong></em></p> Thomas Cochrane, Stephen Aiello, Stuart Cook, Claudio Aguayo, Norm Wilkinson Copyright (c) 2020 Thomas Cochrane, Stephen Aiello, Stuart Cook, Claudio Aguayo, Norm Wilkinson http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2357 Thu, 13 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Analysing construction student experiences of mobile mixed reality enhanced learning in virtual and augmented reality environments https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2329 <p>Mixed reality (MR) and mobile visualisation methods have been identified as important technologies that could reimagine spatial information delivery and enhance higher education practice. However, there is limited research on the impact of mobile MR (MMR) within construction education and improvement of the learners’ experience. With new building information modelling (BIM) workflows being adopted within the architecture, engineering and construction industry, innovative MMR pedagogical delivery methods should be explored to enhance this information-rich spatial technology workflow. This paper outlines qualitative results derived through thematic analysis of learner reflections from two technology-enhanced lessons involving a lecture and a hands-on workshop focussed on MMR-BIM delivered within postgraduate construction education. Seventy participants across the two lessons recruited from an Australian university participated to answer the research question: ‘Does applied mobile mixed reality create an enhanced learning environment for students?’ The results of the analysis suggest that using MMR-BIM can result in an enhanced learning environment that facilitates unique learning experiences, engagement and motivation. However, the study outcome suggests that to understand the processes leading to these learning aspects, further empirical research on the topic is required.</p> <p><em>This paper is part of the special collection Mobile Mixed Reality Enhanced Learning edited by Thom Cochrane, James Birt, Helen Farley, Vickel Narayan and Fiona Smart. More papers from this collection can be found <strong><a href="https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/mmr">here</a>.</strong></em></p> Nikolche Vasilevski, James Birt Copyright (c) 2020 Nikolche Vasilevski, James Birt https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journal.alt.ac.uk/index.php/rlt/article/view/2329 Thu, 16 Jan 2020 11:08:56 +0000