Technological frames in classroom: a case study for a faculty professional development

Keywords: technology, professional development, Carl Mitcham, definition analysis, technological frames


Introducing new technologies to faculty members provides opportunities to reconstruct the ways they teach, evaluate, interact, and communicate. Yet, the personal and organisational perceptions regarding the nature of technology can filter, frame, and guide faculty’s interactions with technology. In this case study conducted in a faculty professional development context, we carried out a thematic analysis to explore the technological interpretations in the faculty’s definitions of technology. We analysed 32 definitions through Mitcham’s technological frames categories, and it was observed that faculty attached various meanings to technology in terms of (1) object, (2) knowledge, (3) activity, and (4) volition perspectives. The role of self-interactions and social interactions in higher education has been discussed regarding the formation of technological understanding.


Download data is not yet available.


Abelson, R. (1979) ‘Differences between belief systems and knowledge systems’, Cognitive Science, vol. 3, pp. 355–366.

Bandura, A. (2001) ‘Social cognitive theory: an agentic perspective’, Annual Review of Psychology, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 1–26. doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.52.1.1

Clarke, V. & Braun, V. (2014) ‘Thematic analysis’, in Encyclopedia of Critical Psychology, ed T. Teo, Springer, New York, NY, pp. 1947–1952.

Davidson, E. & Pai, D. (2004) Making sense of technological frames: Promise, progress, and potential. In Information Systems Research (pp. 473–491). Springer, Boston, MA.

Davidson, E. (2006) ‘A technological frames perspective on information technology and organizational change’, The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 23–39. doi: 10.1177/0021886305285126

De Vries, M. J. (2005) ‘The nature of technological knowledge: philosophical reflections and educational consequences’, International Journal of Technology and Design Education, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 149–154. doi: 10.1007/s10798-005-8276-2

Ertmer, P. A., Ottenbreit-Leftwich, A. T. & Tondeur, J. (2015) ‘Teachers’ beliefs and uses of technology to support 21st-century teaching and learning’, in International Handbook of Research on Teacher Beliefs, eds H. R. Fives & M. Gill, Routledge, Taylor & Francis, New York, NY, Washington, DC, pp. 403–418.

Fives, H. & Buehl, M. M. (2012) ‘Spring cleaning for the “messy” construct of teachers’ beliefs: what are they? Which have been examined? What can they tell us’, in APA Educational Psychology Handbook, eds K. R. Harris, et al., pp. 471–499.

Frennert, S., Aminoff, H. & Östlund, B. (2021) ‘Technological frames and care robots in eldercare’, International Journal of Social Robotics, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 311–325. doi: 10.1007/s12369-020-00641-0

Guenduez, A. A., Mettler, T. & Schedler, K. (2020) ‘Technological frames in public administration: what do public managers think of big data?’, Government Information Quarterly, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 101–406. doi: 10.1016/j.giq.2019.101406

Khalil, S., Winkler, T. J. & Xiao, X. (2017) ‘Two tales of technology: business and IT managers’ technological frames related to cloud computing’, ICIS, In Thirty Eighth International Conference on Information Systems, Association for Information Systems, Seoul, South Korea, pp. 0–20.

Kim, C., et al., (2013) ‘Teacher beliefs and technology integration’, Teaching and Teacher Education, vol. 29, pp. 76–85. doi: 10.1016/j.tate.2012.08.005

Koen, M. C. & Willis, J. J. (2020) ‘Making sense of body-worn cameras in a police organization: a technological frames analysis’, Police Practice and Research, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 351–367. doi: 10.1080/15614263.2019.1582343

Lin, A. (2000) Initiating System Innovation: A Technological Frames Analysis of the Origins of Groupware Projects, Dissertation Thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science.

Mama, M. & Hennessy, S. (2013) ‘Developing a typology of teacher beliefs and practices concerning classroom use of ICT’, Computers & Education, vol. 68, pp. 380–387. doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2013.05.022

Mishra, A. N. & Agarwal, R. (2010) ‘Technological frames, organizational capabilities, and IT use: an empirical investigation of electronic procurement’, Information Systems Research, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 249–270. doi: 10.1287/isre.1080.0220

Mitcham, C. (1994) Thinking through Technology: The Path between Engineering and Philosophy, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.

Nespor, J. (1987) ‘The role of beliefs in the practice of teaching’, Journal of Curriculum Studies, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 317–328.

Nocera, J. A., Dunckley, L. & Sharp, H. (2007) ‘An approach to the evaluation of usefulness as a social construct using technological frames’, International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction, vol. 22, no. 1–2, pp. 153–172. doi: 10.1080/10447310709336959

NVivo (2020) QSR International Pty Ltd. Available at:

Olesen, K. (2014) ‘Implications of dominant technological frames over a longitudinal period’, Information Systems Journal, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 207–228. doi: 10.1111/isj.12006

Orlikowski, W. J. & Gash, D. C. (1994) ‘Technological frames: making sense of information technology in organizations’, ACM Transactions on Information Systems (TOIS), vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 174–207. doi: 10.1145/196734.196745

Pajares, M. F. (1992) ‘Teachers’ beliefs and educational research: cleaning up a messy construct’, Review of Educational Research, vol. 62, no. 3, pp. 307–332. doi: 10.3102/00346543062003307

Polly, D., Martin, F. & Guilbaud, T. C. (2021) ‘Examining barriers and desired supports to increase faculty members’ use of digital technologies: perspectives of faculty, staff and administrators’, Journal of Computing in Higher Education, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 135–156. doi: 10.1007/s12528-020-09259-7

Pomerantz, J. & Brooks, D. C. (2017) ECAR Study of Faculty and Information Technology, ECAR, Louisville, KY.

Rokeach, M. (1968) Beliefs, Attitudes, and Values: A Theory of Organization and Change, Jossey-Bass Behavioral Science Series, San Francisco, Jossey-Bass.

Spieth, P., Röth, T., Clauss, T., & Klos, C. (2021) ‘Technological frames in the digital age: theory, measurement instrument, and future research areas’, Journal of Management Studies, vol. 58, no. 7, pp. 1962–1993. doi: 10.1111/joms.12720
How to Cite
Basdogan M., Birdwell T., & Harris T. (2022). Technological frames in classroom: a case study for a faculty professional development. Research in Learning Technology, 30.
Original Research Articles