A literature synthesis of personalised technology-enhanced learning: what works and why

Keywords: personalisation, personalised learning, effective learning, review, synthesis, evidence-based research, technology-enhanced learning, personalised education, individual learning, adaptive learning


Personalised learning, having seen both surges and declines in popularity over the past few decades, is once again enjoying a resurgence. Examples include digital resources tailored to a particular learner’s needs, or individual feedback on a student’s assessed work. In addition, personalised technology-enhanced learning (TEL) now seems to be attracting interest from philanthropists and venture capitalists indicating a new level of enthusiasm for the area and a potential growth industry. However, these industries may be driven by profit rather than pedagogy, and hence it is vital these new developments are informed by relevant, evidence-based research. For many people, personalised learning is an ambiguous and even loaded term that promises much but does not always deliver. This paper provides an in-depth and critical review and synthesis of how personalisation has been represented in the literature since 2000, with a particular focus on TEL. We examine the reasons why personalised learning can be beneficial and examine how TEL can contribute to this. We also unpack how personalisation can contribute to more effective learning. Lastly, we examine the limitations of personalised learning and discuss the potential impacts on wider stakeholders.

Published: 26 November 2018

Citation: Research in Learning Technology 2018, 26: 2095 - http://dx.doi.org/10.25304/rlt.v26.2095


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How to Cite
FitzGerald E., Jones A., Kucirkova N., & Scanlon E. (2018). A literature synthesis of personalised technology-enhanced learning: what works and why. Research in Learning Technology, 26. https://doi.org/10.25304/rlt.v26.2095
Original Research Articles