E-learning educational atmosphere measure (EEAM): a new instrument for assessing e-students’ perception of educational environment

  • Atekeh Mousavi Department of e-Learning in Medical Education, Virtual School, Center of Excellence for e-Learning in Medical Education, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Aeen Mohammadi Department of e-Learning in Medical Education, Virtual School, Center of Excellence for e-Learning in Medical Education, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Rita Mojtahedzadeh Department of e-Learning in Medical Education, Virtual School, Center of Excellence for e-Learning in Medical Education, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Mandana Shirazi Educational Development Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Hamed Rashidi Faculty of Foreign Languages and Literature, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Keywords: educational atmosphere, instrument


Universities assess their academic learning environment to improve students’ learning. Students’ experience in e-learning environment is different from face-to-face educational environment. So, in this study a specific valid and reliable instrument was devised for assessing perception of e-students from educational environment, that is, educational atmosphere. Firstly, we devised the primary instrument based on factors constituting educational atmosphere. Then Instrument’s content and construct validity were assessed. Also, Cronbach’s alpha and test–retest were used for studying the internal consistency and reliability of the instrument respectively. The final instrument named ‘e-learning educational atmosphere measure’ (EEAM) consisted of 40 items covering six factors, including programme effectiveness, teaching quality, ethics and professionalism, learner support, safety and convenience, and awareness of the rules, which accounted for 68.53% of variances. Content validity ratio was more than 0.51 and content validity index score of all questions was above 0.81. Test–retest reliability was 0.85 (p = 0.001) and Cronbach’s alpha was 0.943. Assessing educational atmosphere in e-learning settings by EEAM could provide managers and investors with useful information to settle an effective education system by prioritising the necessary changes.


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How to Cite
Mousavi, A., Mohammadi, A., Mojtahedzadeh, R., Shirazi, M., & Rashidi, H. (2020). E-learning educational atmosphere measure (EEAM): a new instrument for assessing e-students’ perception of educational environment. Research in Learning Technology, 28. https://doi.org/10.25304/rlt.v28.2308
Original Research Articles