Digital competences of teachers in Lebanon: a comparison of teachers’ competences to educational standards

Keywords: DigCompEdu framework;, digital competences, teacher education, digital education, Lebanese education system


The impact of digitalisation on everyday life has necessitated the need for learners to acquire digital competence as part of their education. In order to prepare students to become digital citizens, it has become necessary for teachers to acquire and implement digital competence in the classroom. This study applied the DigCompEdu framework to Lebanese schools and teachers to examine the digital competences of teachers and their alignment with Ministry of Education & Higher Education (MEHE) standards. This study followed a cross-sectional descriptive design and involved 170 in-service teachers in Lebanese schools. This study found that whilst schoolteachers’ practice meets all MEHE indicators, there is a significant need for training to schoolteachers in using digital tools and resources to promote collaboration in the learning process. The findings highlighted the importance of digital competences in schools and the need for ongoing training and support for teachers in this area.


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Author Biographies

Levon Momdjian, School of Education, Lebanese International University, Beirut, Lebanon

Levon Momdjian is a third-year Ph.D. student in Humanistic Studies at Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain. He is also the chairperson of the undergraduate teacher education program at the Lebanese International University. He holds a Master of Education degree in Educational Management. 

Marni Manegre, Department of English and German Studies, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain

Marni Manegre is an Adjunct Professor in the Department of English and German Studies (DEAA) at the Universitat Rovira I Virgili (URV). She received her doctorate from the Department of Pedagogy, Education and Technology, Computer Assisted Language Learning at the URV, Tarragona, Spain. She completed both her Master of Science and Bachelor of Arts in Linguistics at the University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

Mar Gutiérrez-Cólon , Department of English and German Studies, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain

Mar Gutiérrez-Cólon is a Professor in the Department of English and German Studies (DEAA) at the Universitat Rovira i Virgili in Tarragona, Spain. She is the Coordinator of the Research Group in language and technology (ReLaTe) and the former Vice Rector of Internationalisation. She is also the coordinator of the master’s program in Teaching English as a Foreign Language


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How to Cite
Momdjian L., Manegre M., & Gutiérrez-Cólon M. (2024). Digital competences of teachers in Lebanon: a comparison of teachers’ competences to educational standards. Research in Learning Technology, 32.
Original Research Articles